- Drink more water.1 Staying hydrated may help to prevent gout flares. Aim for at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water each day.
- Limit alcohol.1 Alcohol may raise your risk of a gout flare because it is high in purines. Purines are naturally occurring substances found in many foods and drinks.
- Avoid foods containing purines.2 Foods that are high in purines include red meat, organ meats and certain kinds of seafood (including anchovies, herring, sardines, mussels, scallops, trout, haddock, mackerel and tuna).
- Eat a healthy diet.1 A person who has gout should follow the same balanced, healthy diet as a person who does not have gout. Be sure to eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Limit your intake of lean meat, fish and poultry to four to six ounces daily. Add protein to your diet by consuming low-fat or fat-free dairy products (including unsweetened yogurt, skim milk, and cottage cheese).
- Exercise.1 Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy body weight. Be cautious when exercising with a joint that is inflamed. Doing so can prolong the inflammation and make the pain worse. Always get your doctor’s approval before beginning an exercise program.
- Lose weight if you need to.1 Being overweight increases your risk of developing gout. Losing weight decreases your risk of developing gout. It also reduces the overall stress on your joints.
- Educate yourself. One of the best ways to manage your gout is to learn more about it. Ask your doctor for information about gout or visit the websites of independent organizations with content written by healthcare professionals, including:
For many other tips and informative gout flare prevention guidance, you can also visit the Mitigare® Gout Blog.